Mail merge is a useful feature that allows you to create personalized documents by merging data from a data source, such as an Excel spreadsheet, into a template document in Word. This can be particularly helpful when you need to generate multiple documents, such as letters, labels, or envelopes, with personalized information.

Step 1: Prepare your Excel spreadsheet

Before you can perform a mail merge, you need to have your data organized in an Excel spreadsheet. Each column in the spreadsheet should represent a field that you want to merge into your Word document. For example, if you want to merge names and addresses, you should have separate columns for “First Name,” “Last Name,” “Address,” etc.

Make sure your data is clean and consistent. Remove any unnecessary formatting, and ensure that all the data is in the correct format (e.g., dates, numbers, etc.). This will help prevent any issues during the mail merge process.

You can also use Excel’s data validation feature to ensure data integrity. For example, you can set up dropdown lists for certain fields to ensure that only valid options are entered.

Step 2: Create your Word document

Next, you need to create the template document in Word. This document will serve as the base for your merged documents. You can include static text, placeholders for the merged data, and any formatting or styling you want to apply to the final documents.

To insert placeholders for the merged data, place your cursor where you want the data to appear, and then click on the “Insert Merge Field” button in the “Mailings” tab. This will display a list of the column headers from your Excel spreadsheet. Select the appropriate field to insert it into your document.

You can also format the text in your Word document using various formatting options available in the “Home” tab. This allows you to customize the appearance of the merged data, such as applying bold or italic styles, changing font colors, or adjusting paragraph alignment.

Step 3: Start the mail merge

Once you have your Excel spreadsheet and Word document ready, you can start the mail merge process. In Word, go to the “Mailings” tab and click on the “Start Mail Merge” button. From the dropdown menu, select the type of document you want to create, such as letters, labels, or envelopes.

Next, click on the “Select Recipients” button and choose “Use an Existing List.” Browse for your Excel spreadsheet and select it. Word will display the “Mail Merge Recipients” dialog box, where you can choose which records to include in the merge.

You can also filter and sort the data in the “Mail Merge Recipients” dialog box to include specific records based on certain criteria. This allows you to target specific groups of recipients for your merged documents.

Step 4: Customize the merged document

Now that you have set up the mail merge, you can customize the merged document further. For example, you can add additional fields from your Excel spreadsheet, format the text, or insert images or other elements.

To insert additional fields, place your cursor where you want the data to appear, and then click on the “Insert Merge Field” button again. Select the desired field from the list.

You can also use conditional formatting to highlight specific data based on certain conditions. For example, you can apply different font colors to overdue invoices or highlight high-priority tasks in your merged documents.

Furthermore, you can insert images, such as company logos or product pictures, into your merged documents. This can help add visual appeal and make your documents more professional.

Step 5: Preview and complete the mail merge

Before finalizing the mail merge, it’s a good idea to preview the merged documents to ensure everything looks as expected. Click on the “Preview Results” button in the “Mailings” tab to see how each record will appear in the merged document.

If everything looks correct, you can complete the mail merge by clicking on the “Finish & Merge” button. Choose the desired option, such as printing the merged documents, saving them as individual files, or sending them as email attachments.

You can also save the merged documents as a separate Word document or PDF file for future reference or distribution.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can I perform a mail merge with multiple Excel spreadsheets?

A: Yes, you can perform a mail merge with multiple Excel spreadsheets. In Step 3, instead of selecting “Use an Existing List,” choose “Select from Outlook Contacts” or “Type a New List” to add additional data sources.

Q: Can I format the merged data in Word?

A: Yes, you can format the merged data in Word. Simply select the merged field and apply the desired formatting, such as font style, size, color, or alignment.

Q: Can I save the mail merge settings for future use?

A: Yes, you can save the mail merge settings for future use. After completing the mail merge, click on the “Finish & Merge” button and choose “Save As” to save the settings as a reusable merge document.


Performing a mail merge from Excel to Word can greatly simplify the process of generating personalized documents. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you can efficiently merge data from Excel spreadsheets into Word documents, saving time and increasing productivity.

Remember to organize your data in Excel, create a template in Word, start the mail merge, customize the merged document, and preview before completing the merge. With practice, you’ll become proficient in using this powerful feature.